Vinyl cutter is a machine similar to inkjet printer. It does cut vinyls by blade or laser. Some big cutters can cut steel and rocks. Vinyls comes with diffrent sizes and purposes. Matt, gloss, glitter, oil slick, leather like and so on.
Vinyl cutters are know also as vinyl plotters. Thoes machines are quite easy builds. Two stepper motors and one coil to activate cuting tool. Also some plotter can print too. They are called print and cut plotters.